Our scientists evaluated exposures to volatile and persistent organic chemicals, particulate matter, asbestos, radionuclides, and other substances, as well as physical hazards, such as noise. Sources of these exposures include: incinerators, petroleum and natural gas facilities, pulp and paper waste mills, wood-treating sites, manufacturing facilities, and other sources. When appropriate, we apply state-of-the-art modelling approaches to estimate substance indoor and outdoor air concentrations, and to assess how substances will move within soil, sediment, and water.

Project Example: Human Health Risk Assessment of Remediation at a Former MGP Site

Project Overview: Prior to remedial activities at a former manufactured gas plant (MGP) site in the Chicago metropolitan area, Cardno ChemRisk was asked to perform a risk assessment of potential vapor emissions that might occur during site remediation.

Our Approach: Our team estimated vapor emissions from soil due to various excavation activities for different areas of the site and performed air dispersion modeling in order to estimate the air concentrations of the chemicals of interest at different offsite locations, such as a mini golf course, a trade school, and various commercial establishments. The results of the air modeling were also used to calculate risk-based fenceline air concentration objectives protective of the same off-site locations. The fenceline air concentration objectives were developed to ensure that remediation activities did not pose a risk to the public living or working near the site during the actual remediation activities. Chemicals of interest included benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene (BTEX), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Our Value: Our risk assessment demonstrated that remediation activities, as planned, were not anticipated to be a risk at the offsite locations. In addition, the calculated fenceline air concentration objectives provided values to which fenceline air sampling concentrations could be compared in order to determine if additional mitigation measures needed to be implemented once site remediation began.