SOT 2019: Q&A with Ms. Lindsey Garnick (Part 2)
Please read below for more information from Ms. Lindsey Garnick on her SOT presentation on 2-Nitropropane.
1. What was the title of your presentation?
Derivation of Cancer No Significant Risk Levels for 2-Nitropropane and Screening Safety Assessment for Spray Products
2. What was the scope of your research?
In January 1988, the State of California listed 2-Nitropropane (2-NP) (CAS number 79-46-9) as a chemical known to cause cancer under Proposition 65. Although 2-NP is listed on the Prop 65 list, currently no Safe Harbor Level exists for this chemical. Therefore, No Significant Risk Levels (NSRLs) were derived for 2-Nitropropane (2-NP), in the absence of a California published NSRL. Benchmark Dose (BMD) modeling was performed using hepatocellular carcinoma incidence data from four 2-NP single exposure inhalation studies in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Additionally, a safety assessment was performed based on estimated consumer inhalation exposure to 2-NP during indoor application of paint from a spray can. For the exposure assessment, three key factors were analyzed: the 2-NP residual concentration in the spray paint product, the mass of spray paint used, and the frequency of use.
3. What did you find?
A cancer potency factor was determined from the results of the BMD modeling, and then the NSRL was calculated using a lifetime cancer risk of 10-5. The inhalation and oral derived NSRLs are 67 µg/day and 32 µg/day, respectively.
Based on the screening exposure assessment, potential consumer exposure to 2-NP from indoor application of paint from a spray can does not exceed our proposed inhalation NRSL, therefore, a warning label is not needed for spray can products containing 2-NP as a minor contaminant.
4. What are the next steps / what other research is needed?
The current study focused on the inhalation route of exposure due to the nature of the product scenario being evaluated. Future studies could evaluate the exposure from dermal routes as well as alternative use scenarios. In deriving the NSRL, we used a model averaging approach to reflect the use of the best science in the concentration response analysis. Additional sensitivity analyses are planned to highlight the impacts of using current risk assessment best practices versus the single mode choice approach defined in the current NSRL Derivation guidance.
For more information, please contact Ms. Lindsey Garnick at Lindsey.Garnick@cardno.com